Both sexes have a pair of sexual organs or gonads ovaries or testes , the main functions of which are to produce eggs or sperm, respectively, and hormones. Ovaries are female gonads that produce eggs and female sexual hormones, including estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen is necessary for the development of eggs, and progesterone prepares the uterus for pregnancy. Once puberty is reached and the cat starts having estrous heat cycles, the size and form of the ovaries change. Within the ovary, a special group of cells called a follicle surrounds each egg. The estrous cycle begins when follicle stimulating hormone causes follicles to grow, leading to maturation of eggs.
Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. The pedigreed cat fancy has developed and grown in popularity in North America and around the world during the last years. The widespread appeal of pedigreed cats and cat breeding means that veterinarians need to be familiar with the unique characteristics of feline reproduction and breeding management. In the past 25 years, considerable progress has been made in understanding the behavioral, gonadal, and endocrine factors involved in successful feline reproduction.
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Vaginal discharge refers to any substance mucus, blood, pus excreted by the cat's vagina. Because there are so many causes for this medical condition, consulting a veterinarian is highly recommended. Vaginal discharge can affect both dogs and cats. If you would like to learn more about how this disease affects dogs please visit this page in the PetMD pet health library. Symptoms can include discharge mucus, blood, pus from the cat's vagina, spotting of blood, scooting of the hindquarters, and a higher incidence of male attraction.